Monday, May 28, 2007

May 28: Day of First Republic of Armenia


On May 28 Armenia marks the Day of the First Republic.

Having defeated the Turkish army in Sardarapat May 26 the Armenian troops succeeded in stopping the Turkish intervention in the Transcaucasus and rescue Armenia from complete elimination. The Armenian Republic was proclaimed the Armenian National Council May 28, 1918 in Tiflis after the decline of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic.

May 29 the western and eastern bureaus of ARF Dashnaktsutyun appointed Hovhannes Kajaznuni the first-ever Prime Minister of independent Armenia with Yerevan as capital. The last Prime Minister was Simon Vratsyan.

The Republic of Armenia had existed for two years in all. December 2, 1920, the troops of the 11th Red Army entered Yerevan and the republic became soviet.

In 1991 the Armenian SSR proclaimed independence and the parliament announced May 28 a legal holiday.

A monument to Sardarapat battle heroes was inaugurated in 1968.

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Note: Above are excerpts from the article. The full article appears here. Clarifications and comments by me are contained in {}. Deletions are marked by [...]. The bold emphasis is mine.



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